Restoration Planning Resources

Arboretum Resources:

Arboretum Web Site

Here are some resources that may be helpful when you are studying or writing about the WSU Arboretum and its landscapes:


The WSU Arboretum Web Site (which contains historical summaries and the master plan): Arboretum Web Site 


General Map of Approximate Boundaries of Arboretum (in red) (yellow line shows the approximate dividing line between the Steffen Center (top part) and Arboretum (bottom part):  View this photo

Arboretum Trails (in red) and Parking Areas:  Download Arboretum Trails and Parking Map

Native Plant Plots in the Arboretum:   View this photo

A Map to the Arboretum Pond Area:  Download Map to Arboretum Pond

Steffen Center Map:  Download Steffen Center Map

Small Arboretum Parking Lot (at entrance to the PMC - USDA Plant Materials Center):  View this photo

Larger Arboretum Parking Lot (on Terre View Road):  View this photo 


Palouse Prairie Resources

As we go along during the semester, I'll periodically post materials of use to our studies. To begin, here are some resources that the class has used in the past, emphasizing Palouse Prairie ecology:

Bertie J. Weddell, Draba Consulting: The Causes and Consequences of Loss of a Culturally Significant Resource: Seasonally Moist Meadows in the Palouse Region Download causes_and_consequences_of_loss_of_seasonally_moist_meadow.pdf (pdf 52 k)

Bertie J. Weddell, Draba Consulting: The Historical Significance of Camas Meadows for Native Peoples in Idaho Download historical_significance_of_camas_meadows_for_native_people.pdf (pdf 828 k)

Bertie J. Weddell, Draba Consulting: Historical Vegetation of Seasonally Moist Depressions in the South Fork of the Palouse River Watershed Download historical_vegetation_of_seasonally_moist_depressions_pal.pdf (pdf 56 k)

Red_check_markBiodiversity and Land-use History of the Palouse Bioregion: Pre-European to Present.  In: Sisk, T.D., editor.  1998.  Perspectives on the land-use history of North America: a context for understanding our changing environment. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Biological Science Report USGS/BRD/BSR 1998-0003 (Revised September 1999). 104 pp.

Red_check_markDaubenmire, R.  1970.  Steppe Vegetation of Washington.  Technical Bulletin 62.  Washington Agricultural Experiment Station.  131pp. [excerpt pages 53 - 60]: Download Daubenmire.pdf

Red_check_markSteven, M., D.C. Darris and S.M. Lambert.  2001.  Ethnobotany, Culture, Management, and Use of Common Camas.  Native Plants Journal.  Native Plants Journal. Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 47-53: Download Camasarticle

Fire in Steppe Vegetation of the Northern Intermountain Region: Download fire_in_steppe_vegetation.pdf (pdf 180 k)

Red_check_markGiant Palouse Earthworm (Driloleirus americanus)

Red_check_markMagpie Forest Information and Plant List (by the Palouse-Clearwater Environmental Institute, PCEI)

Red_check_markMAGPIE FOREST PLANT LIST FROM DAVE SKINNER: Download magpie_forest_plants_nrcs_list.pdf

Red_check_markMagpie Forest Information (by the Department of Natural Resource Sciences, WSU)

Red_check_markMagpie Forest Press Release (Download magpie_forest_press_release.pdf ) (by WSU)

Red_check_markMagpie Forest Ecological Reserve: Brochure (Download magpie_forest_ecological_reserve.pdf ) (by WSU)

Red_check_markMagpie Forest Legal Description: Download legal_description_magpie_forest.pdf 

Red_check_markPalouse Prairie Restoration David M. Skinner, USDA NRCS Plant Materials Center, Pullman, WA Bertie Weddell, Draba Consulting, Pullman, WA Mark Stannard, USDA NRCS Plant Materials Center, Pullman, WA

Red_check_markPalouse Prairie Restoration Studies at the Plant Materials Center, WSU; David M. Skinner, USDA NRCS Plant Materials Center, Pullman: Download PMC Palouse Prairie Study Summary 2009

Plants of Kamiak Butte

Plant List: Whitman County (contains links for entire County, Kamiak Butte, Palouse Falls) published by the Washington Native Plant Society

Plants of Smoot Hill

PPF: Palouse  Prairie Foundation  

PPF: Palouse Prairie Links

Rose Creek Nature Preserve Information (by PCEI)

Rose Creek Nature Preserve: Plant List (by WSU)

Download Social and Biological Needs for Palouse Prairie Bioregion

Download Restoring Palouse and Canyon Grasslands

Restoration Ecology Resources

Biodiversity and Landuse History of the Palouse Bioregion

EcoEarth Info.

Environmental Yellow Pages: Restoration Ecology

Environmental Protection Agency: Restoration Science Resources

Environmental Protection Agency: River Corridor and Wetland Restoration

Federal Interagency Stream Restoration Working Group: Stream Corridor Restoration   Principles, Processes, and Practices

National Wildlife Federation: Campus Ecology

Society for Ecological Restoration

Univeristy of Minnesota: Restoration and Reclamation Review

University of Washington: A Guide to Restoration Ecology

University of Washington: Restoration Ecology Network

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service: Plants Database

Compiled Magpie Forest Restoration Plan (note: variable file sizes available):

 Download Magpie Restoration Plan 2007 (small file - no figures - edited text) (180 kb)

Download Magpie Forest Restoration Plan 2007.doc (Word file) (6 mb)

Download Compiled Magpie Forest Restoration Plan 2007 (PDF - Large file: 14.3 mb)

Sample Restoration Ecology Presentations: 

Download AmphibianWSU (8.1 mb)

Download Butterfly & Bee Restoration (983 kb)

Download Camas Presentation (1.8 mb)

Download Steffen Center Experimental Forest 2003 (5.1 mb)

Download The Palouse Prairie Ecosystem (part 1) (1.1 mb)

Download The Palouse Prairie Ecosystem (part 2) Magpie Meadow (3.4 mb)


Download Wetland Creation and Enhancement (2 mb)

Download WSU Golf Course Expansion (6.8 mb)

Sample Restoration Ecology Plans:

Download Shane King Restoration Plan (2.4 mb)

Download Carina Borsch Magpie_Title (1.1 mb)

Download Carina Borsch Magpie_Plan (1.2 mb)

Download Carina Borsch Magpie_Ref (53 kb)

Download Heidi Sowell Restoration Plan (1 mb)

Wetlands and Vernal Ponds

Download A Guide to Creating Vernal Ponds (3 mb)

Download Using Micro and Macrotopography in Wetland Restoration


 WSU Arboretum & Wildlife Conservation Center (AWCC)

Lists and Maps of Historical Plantings: Download Woody Plantings PMC

2008 Cover Map of the AWRC (11 x 17 original): Download AWRC Cover Map

Master Conceptual Plan for the WSU Arboretum & Wildlife Conservation Center (5.8 mb):  Download AWCC-Master Plan-June-2009

WSU Pullman Campus Draft Master Plan:

WSU Draft Master Plan (to external WSU link at Capital Planning & Development; 87 mb!!!)  It takes a while to download this large pdf file and open it in your browser!

Nature Trail Development

Refine the nature trails to have a number of educational signs about restoration, wildlife, ecology, etc., to serve as a resource and feature that will be interesting to people on campus and visitors.

Some Resources from Previous Classes:

Powerpoint (8.7 mb):  Download Trails Group Final Presentation

Information Board (powerpoint file):  Download NATRS 454 Trail Poster Final 2

Final Written Restoration Plan (note: this group didn't complete a written restoration plan linked to the nature trails, woodland, public use, etc. But there is another poster file):  Download NATRS 454 Trail Restoration Plan 3

as well as a little more elaborate file on the arboretum woodland:  Download Arboretum Woodland Final Project Write Up

Vernal or Seasonal Ponds

Water is extremely limited in the arboretum landscape, and yet, the few vernal ponds that we do have are extremely productive. 

Potential Restoration Goal: Consider the current and potential distribution of vernal or constructed pond sites and propose how wetland development projects might improve productivity in the riparian corridor, which has been dramatically altered by the Airport Road system.

Powerpoint on Vernal Ponds:  Download Final Presentation vernal ponds

Information Board:  Download Vernal Pond InfoBoard_Final

Written Restoration Plan:  Download Vernal_Ponds_ Report_FD

Native Plants & Grasslands

Planning projects on these topics take some of the perspectives we've gained from the pollinator studies at the beginning of the semester and looks at where and how we might begin to propagate and distribute selected native plants around the arboretum landscape. Several late season flowering plants in the native plant plot at the arboretum, such as goldenrod, have begun to spread, and cuttings and starts from these plants may be propagated and put in selected spots in the arboretum. These topics are also concerned with restoration of native Palouse Prairie plants in general.

Potential Restoration Goal: Restoring pollinator habitat and native flowering plants in the arboretum.

Resources from previous classes:

Pollinator / Meadow Restoration:  Download Pollinator FinalRestorationPlan

Pollinator Restoration:  Download Restoring Insect Pollinators_Rachel Kenyon

Grassland Invasion / Lilac Rescue

One potential project entails planning to control and remove invasive shrub vegetation in part of the arboretum. These invasive shrubs and trees originated from experimental conservation plantings for soil erosion by the original Soil Conservation Service, starting back in the 1930s on the WSU campus.

What we're calling the "Lilac Rescue" is actually a historical restoration of sorts in that this planting of lilacs has been completely surrounded by invasive shrubs and trees and one part of the project is to clear the lilac planting so that it can be evaluated and possibly rejuvenated. Even though the lilacs are not native per se, they have a bit of historical importance in reflecting an older use of the arboretum landscape.

There are no specific plans or presentations for this project, which has never been addressed before.

Potential Restoration Goal: Examine the historical conservation plantings of the USDA Plant Materials Center on what is now the arboretum and determine which might need to be controlled or removed or managed in some way. Perhaps suggest alternative mixed conifer / hardwood plantings that might replace them over time.

Arboretum Pond

The main arboretum pond is a high profile site, or at least a site that is likely to be frequently visited and used by the public. It is logical to begin developments around the pond and the adjacent woodland as some of the first in the arboretum.

Potential Restoration Goals: Rehabiliate the pond environment currentlly being degraded by introduced goldfish. Enhance the pond perimeter for wildlife. Enhance the pond area for improved interest to the public.

Pond Presentation:  Download Final Arboretum Pond Presentation

Information Board:  Download Final Arboretum Pond Information Board

Written Report:  Download Green Fund Arboretum Pond Proposal

Tree Plantings & Riparian Corridor

This project may want to integrate several different projects conducted in previous years by taking on the tree plantings for the woodland, the riparian corridor, and the hilltops bordering the Airport Road corridor. What are the benefits of different types of tree plantings and where should they go? 

Potential Restoration Goals: How to manage and develop the woodland tree and shrub plantings, the riparian corridor, and the associated hillsides along Airport Road, because of their visibility to the public. Note: the arboretum woodland is proposed to be a wildlife sanctuary, or to be managed as a naturalized woodland, meaning it will not be managed to look like a park, but a mixed conifer / hardwood woodland.

Powerpoint for a specific site:  Download Forest Hill Project Presentation V2 (4)with deer

Woodland Information Board:  Download Woodland Final Info Board2

Written Report:  Download Arboretum Woodland Final Project Write Up













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